The Battle of Grunwald Apr 16, 2007 2:21:05 GMT -5
Post by BMPO KOMuTA on Apr 16, 2007 2:21:05 GMT -5
krzywousty said:Did any of you ever hear of the Battle of Varna?1444? I ask because I think it links Poland and Serbian interests, however it's a pretty tragic battle...
I'm bulgarian from Varna!!! I live only 700 metres from the battlefield. There is one beautiful park there and a historical museum! I often go there to honour the sacrifice of the slavic brothers.
And now about the battle. The christian troops were commanded by the polish young king Vladislav Yagello (called later Varnenchik) and the famous Transilvanian voevode Yanosh Huniadi. The turks were commanded by sultan Murad II leading 10,000 elite janissary infantry, numerous horsemen, Crimean Tatars, Cherkez, Anadola infantry and Akundjii. The turks outnumbered the christian heavily.
In the morning of 10 November 1444 the 2 armies began making battle formations. The christian army came from the Varna fortress from east (they arrived first) and the turks marched from west. Vladislav had only 2 choices - to win or to die, because behind his back was only the Black sea - no way to retreat and save his life!!! The allied generals were desperate - in front of them they saw endless sea of fanatic muslims, determined to die with honour in front of their sultan. Some of the bishops offered to make a defensive battle line behind the Vagenburg (armoured carts, binded together with chains - insurmountable mobile fortress). But Yanosh Huniadi was an experienced leader - he knew that only one brave frontal attack will bring victory.
The turks prepared for battle. In front of the battle lines a hodja emerged with the holy drum. The whole area was filled with thunderous noise and thousands soldiers shouting "Allah aqbar, Allah aqbar.....". This was a psychology war - they tried to scarry the christian soldiers, but with no success.
The turks charged first and concentrated their attack on the righ flank of the crusaders. Seeing this, Yanosh countered and repulsed the attack, charging the left flank of the ottomans. He crushed it and returned back. Huniadi told the king that he will attack the right turkish flank and begged him not to make any hasty and foolish decisions. "After I crush the right flank, we will join forces and surround the centre" - Huniadi told king Yagello.
Yanosh Huniadi charged the right flank. His attack was irresistable and soon some of the turkish battalions scattered. Seeing this, the young and impetuous king Vladislav Yagello (he was only 20 at that time) made the fatal error - he charged the ottoman centre composed by elite janissarIES (10,000) ONLY WITH HIS BODYGUARDS - 500 HEAVY KNIGHTS!!! 500 AGAINST 10,000!!! The king's charge was brave, but foolish. The turks praised Allah when they saw how the king himself charged with his small band.
BUT THE KNIGHT'S ATTACK WAS IRRESISTABLE!!!
500 brave soldiers and their king cut to pieces the janissary formation and knocked in deeply to the sultan's pavilion. Murad was horrified and decided to flee. But the janissary gazi bei (general) told him: "Your majesty, do not be afraid - stay here and win for the glory of Allah!".
Soon, the knights were surrounded by numerous fanatical janissaries. King Vladislav almost reached the place, where sultan Murad stood (a high thracian funeral hill) but then his horse slipped and he fell to the ground. One janissary - Hodja Kudur saw the helpless king and cut off his head. This was the turning point of the battle.
When the sodiers saw their king's head sticked on a pike, they began to flee. Yanosh Huniadi tried to organize a resistance, but the troops were demoralised.
Only the brave czech hussits led by the famous hetman Cheika refused to leave the battlefield. They barricaded behind the Vagenburg and fought like lions and died all like HEROES!!!
This is the story of the tragical battle at Varna 1444.
ETERNAL GLORY TO ALL SLAVS, WHO DIED THERE FOR THE FREEDOM OF BULGARIA!!!
WE WILL NEVER FORGET THEIR SACRIFICE!!!
REST IN PEACE, BROTHERS!!!