OAK unveils plans for aircraft production reorganisation in Russia By Vladimir Karnozov
Plans for a major reorganisation of Russia's production plants have been revealed by United Aircraft (OAK) in an effort to focus the country's aircraft output and improve efficiency.
Russia's aerospace industry is being integrated under the OAK umbrella. This reorganisation is designed to allow the production of combat aircraft to be increased fourfold and civil aircraft by 37 times over the next 15 years, to meet the output target set for OAK by Russian president Vladimir Putin.
The country's largest plant with 16,000 workers is Sukhoi's KnAAPO facility in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, which is completing Su-30MK2 assembly in preparation to switch to the Su-35 single-seat fighter from around 2012 and the PAK FA fifth-generation fighter. KnAAPO also assembles the Sukhoi Superjet 100, production of which is due to peak at 70 a year in 2011-12.
Production of Beriev Be-103 seven-seat single piston amphibian will be moved to Taganrog, while the 32-seat Su-80 turboprop is to be either cancelled or transferred to China.
The Irkutsk Aviation Plant is the second largest producer, employing 12,000 personnel. It is focusing on the Yak-130 new generation advanced jet trainer and its derivatives, including a single-seat strike aircraft and a an unmanned combat air vehicle.
Irkutsk's main product is the Su-30MKI fighter, which will be produced until 2014 to meet a long-term Indian contract, after which the plant will switch to the MS-21 airliner. The factory's Be-200 line will be transferred to Taganrog, following completion of the last two of seven aircraft ordered by launch customer, Russia's ministry for emergencies.
VASO in Voronezh, with an 11,000-strong workforce, will continue low-rate Ilyushin Il-96 assembly (three units annually) until 2012, when the line will close to make room for the Il-214 and MTA airlifter. In the interim, the plant will build the Antonov An-148 regional jet, initially in passenger form, and then as a freighter at an annual rate of 24 units from 2010. From 2015, VASO will build the all-composite wings for the MS-21.
VASO is also retrofitting Ilyushin Il-76s with Aviadvigatel PS-90A76 engines, primarily for the Russian air force, and when that programme is completed it will switch to low-rate production of Ilyushin Il-112 tactical transports.
The KAPO plant in Kazan, which employs 6,000 people, will primarily focus on upgrading Russian air force Tupolev Tu-95MS, Tu-22M3 and Tu-160 strategic bombers, while continuing low-rate output of the Tu-214 airliner and Tu-160, which is to be superseded by a next-generation strategic bomber. Under its own initiative, which is yet to have the support of OAK, KAPO is planning to produce 100-150 Tupolev Tu-334 102-seat regional jets.
Aviastar in Ulyanovsk employs 8,000 workers and will increase annual output of the Tupolev Tu-204 to 24 in 2010 (including KAPO's production of its Tu-214 variant). Aviastar's old An-124 Ruslan production plants are expected to be employed to produce the new-technology Il-76, dubbed the Il-476.
Tooling will be transferred from the TAPO plant in Tashkent, which is to gradually wind up Il-76 output and focus on producing the 64-seat Ilyushin Il-114 turboprop. TAPO will also build wings for the Antonov An-70 and An-124 empennage. Manufacture of wings for the Il-214 and MTA is also likely.
RSK MiG fighter production will be narrowed solely to NAZ Sokol in Nizhny Novgorod, where the MiG-31 interceptor and MiG-29UB two-seat trainer are built and refurbished. Upon completion of 14 Yakovlev Yak-130s for the Russian air force, production will be moved completely to Irkutsk.
Sokol will build the single-seat MiG-35 and MiG's new UCAVs, while the Moscow-based Znamya Truda plant will close. Some equipment will be transferred to LAPIK in Lukhovitsy, which will continue as a base for MiG upgrades and flight testing. LAPIK's newest shop, which was constructed for the Tu-334, will be used to carry out Airbus A320 freighter conversions from 2011-12.
The city of Taganrog on the Black Sea coast will house OAK's amphibian and flying boat centre of competence. After merging the Beriev design house and adjacent TAVIA plant, the centre will produce the Be-200 and Be-103 using tools transferred from Irkutsk and KnAAPO.
Taganrog will also supply maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft to the Russian and other navies, including retrofitted Tupolev Tu-142s and newly built Antonov A-40/42 Albatros aircraft.
Meanwhile, the plant in Smolensk, which produces the Yakovlev Yak-18T and Technoavia SM-92 Finist utility pistons, has become a member of the Tactical Missile Corporation centring on missile technology.
Few videos introducing some Serbian-produced aircrafts.G-2 Galeb and its more sturdy analogue J-22 Jastreb are very obsolete second generation jets designed primarily for ground support.Only few of them are flyable.
G-4 Super Galeb and J-22 Orao represent 1970's technology and are to certain extent on pair with their contemporaries first as a trainer/attacker, second as an attacker/reconnaissance plane, although usage of turbojet engines instead of turbofan, low arms load and rudimentary electronics were already anachronisms and they have no place in modern battlefield today.
Nevertheless, they could achieve, and indeed have achieved certain success in recent 15 years in attack missions against sites and troops unsifficiently covered by PVO, in absence of aerial superiority by the enemy.Even during the NATO war against Serbia, "Super Galeb"s managed several dosens nightly, very low -level flying mission against Albanian terrorists in Kosmet.
Yes, I compiled several official promotional videos realised on the Net by "Sukhoi" corporation and quckly distributed everywhere by aviation enthusiast as singles.They all agree, amateurs and proffesionals alike, that despite the lack of sophisticated electronics in the classic "Su-27", it is a vеry formidable, fear-in-the-bones instilling adversary over sky in comparation with F-15, F-16 and even Eurofighter, while its upgraded variants, branded under new designations, score even better-too bad that they never made it into the Russian Air Force.
Last Edit: Jan 25, 2008 4:54:21 GMT -5 by gligorow
while its upgraded variants, branded under new designations, score even better-too bad that they never made it into the Russian Air Force.
The Russian AF is upgrading to the SU-27SM standard, which is comparable to the SU-30 MK.....so far 1 x fighter regiment is equipped with the new Flanker version and more will come into service this year
Also the much awaited AL-31F engines will soon be available....
The state aircraft-test center and MMBPE “Salut” will present on Moscow Aero-Space Saloon-2007 a breadboard model of the engine AL-31F with an automatic control system with a jet nozzle and an operated draft vector The state aircraft-test center (air base Ahtubinsk) and FSUE “MMBPE “Salut” will present on Moscow aero-space saloon-2007 a breadboard model of engine AL-31F (42 series) with an automatic control system with a jet nozzle and an operated draft vector.
Today it is the engine AL-31FM1 with draft 13, 5 t and the increased resource which passed all cycle of the state tests and in December, 2006 it is accepted on arms of the Air Forces of the Russian Federation. On FSUE “MMBPE “Salut” a batch production of the given updating is begun.
The following updating of АL-31F-М2 with draft 14t is in a stage of bench tests.
Updating of АL-31F-М3 with draft 15t possesses essentially new constructive and technological decisions. First of all it is a compressor of low pressure which actually being a prototype of the compressor of the engine of the fifth generation, allows to reduce labour input of manufacturing of the engine, to lower its weight, to increase a resource and reliability. On the compressor of a high pressure design works are spent, works on functional working off of the automatic control system 235 (type FADEC) are lead. For today 3 complete sets of units of automatic control system for АL-31F-М3 are made. This automatic control system is a prototype of the automatic control system of the perspective engine for PAC FA.
The chamber of combustion and the vectorable nozzle concern also to essentially new elements of АL-31F-М3.
As a result АL-31FM3 on the parameters comes nearer to requirements of the engine of 5-th generation and it can be considered as the first prototype-demonstrator of the engine of the fifth generation and simultaneously to be used for retooling of significant park of fighters "Su-27/Su-30" for prolongation of their resource and substantial improvement of performance characteristics.
All works are spent due to the enterprise without attraction of budgetary funds.
Source: “the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation”
One day the 'rain' will come and wash all the scum off the streets
The Su-27SM is close in its combat capabilities to the PAK FA (future 5th generation fighter), but it will not reach them, because during these years the margins on the fifth generation airplane will multiply.
. But it, this upgraded Su-27SM, meets all the requirements of a new airplane and even, if you will excuse me, spits further than the Su-30MKK and Su-30MKI taken together. Because we put into it all the best of them. And this is the optimal variant of an upgrade.
19.01.05, Voenno-Promyshlennyy Kur’er, Correspondent: Vladimir Dobryshevskiy
JANE'S DEFENCE WEEKLY - JANUARY 21, 2004
The Su-27SM features:
- a strengthened fuselage - wing and landing gear to allow for a higher weapon load. - the aircraft has received "a totally new avionics set" using systems from the Su-30MKK/MKI export models.
The Su-27SM is nearly a fifth-generation aircraft. It needs a lower signature characteristic and new weapons to be one," Gen Mikhailov said.
The RUAF is currently handing over the next batch of 20 Su-27s to Sukhoi for upgrade, with the intention of having one regiment converted to the Su-27SM this year.
One day the 'rain' will come and wash all the scum off the streets
Russia's MiG hands 12 upgraded fighters over to Slovakia
MOSCOW, February 29 (RIA Novosti) - Russia's MiG aircraft manufacturer transferred on Friday 12 MiG-29 Fulcrum fighters, modernized in line with NATO standards, to the Slovak Air Force.
The 12 MiG-29AS/MiG-29UBS fighters were upgraded in Slovakia by the MiG company and Western firms for NATO compatibility under a 2004 contract. The Slovak Air Force currently has a total of 21 MiG-29 aircraft in service.
The official transfer ceremony was held at the Sliac airbase in central Slovakia.
The MiG-29 is a 4th generation fighter aircraft designed for air superiority. Developed in the 1970s by the Mikoyan design bureau, it entered service in 1983 and remains in use by the Russian Air Force as well as in many other nations.
The upgraded version features Rockwell Collins navigation and communications systems and BAE Systems IFF (Interrogation Friend or Foe) system. The Russian company supplied new glass cockpits with multi-function LCD displays and digital processors, and ensured integration of Russian and the Western equipment, a MiG spokesman said.
However, he said, the armaments for the fighter remained unchanged. The MiG-29 has seven external weapon hardpoints and can carry a 30mm built-in aircraft gun, two medium-range air-to-air missiles, up to six short-range air-to-air missiles, unguided rockets and air bombs.
According to the MiG company, the service life of the upgraded version has been extended until 2030-2035.
TsarSamuil: Medicines aren't allowed to be sold on the market without a 15 year trial period, to determine short n long term effects. Sputnik just turned 1 year, others not even that, just months, how can we determine long term effects without the data from long term
Aug 24, 2021 11:22:20 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: exposure? Does anyone have a time machine to go 14 years or so into the future n come back n say whether we have good vaccines? Fear makes world abandon its own standards..Besides, vaccines for other illnesses that have been developed for YEARS actually
Aug 24, 2021 11:23:40 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: help. These covid vaccines are literally SHIT, why else do they demand you take 1, 2 n now 3 shots? The problem is also a disease becomes resilient if u administer a weak vaccine that doesn't do the job proper. Allow illness to survive just makes it strong
Aug 24, 2021 11:25:04 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: instead if we go by the book, we should all wait for a really good vaccine to take out the illness for good. Now...we may never get rid of it..but understandably the world economy has a hard time dealing with lock downs, but that is just needless panic
Aug 24, 2021 11:27:06 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: why Swe had fared well with country not being locked down? Because they are cold people, keeping distance was the thing before covid-19 was ever heard of, I hope world doesn't become like that, but some could use a little common sense n change in behavior.
Aug 24, 2021 11:29:12 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: It's no wonder covid hits so many Arabs in the country, stupid bastards..
Aug 24, 2021 11:29:38 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: If I go to H&M a new shirt, if an Arab wants to buy a pair of pants, not only is his whole family along, his friends, even his freaking grandmother is along n all chattering along in a big dumb group of ignorance..
Aug 24, 2021 11:33:05 GMT -5
Boro: Thx for the response. I'm not sure... It seems the vaccines work, at least people aren't dying of Covid. Those who get ill have a problem, it's not "just a flu". Maybe it's from a chinese laboratory, who knows...
Aug 24, 2021 13:46:55 GMT -5
Boro: I agree regarding Arabs..
Aug 24, 2021 13:50:39 GMT -5
Boro: Be glad, Sweden isn't overpopulated.
Aug 24, 2021 14:11:49 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: true, vaccines do help somewhat, maybe better than nothing..I hope in 2022 we can come out of this nightmare..
Aug 24, 2021 15:38:24 GMT -5
Boro: Horrible times, indeed.
Aug 24, 2021 15:47:41 GMT -5