The Bulgarian Parliament's Decision: Restart of the Belene NPP Project.
Novinite.com Business » ENERGY | June 7, 2018, Thursday // 14:24
Parliament has decided to restart the project for the construction of Belene NPP. There are two versions for a solution, and MPs have decided on what was proposed by GERB. It is aimed at "resuming the efforts to build Belene NPP together with a strategic investor on a market principle and without granting a state guarantee by separating the assets and liabilities of the Belene NPP project into a separate project company ".
In addition, the Minister of Energy should develop an investor selection procedure and propose options for structuring the project by October 31, 2018. The adopted decision also recommends that the Council of Ministers take action to abolish the decision to suspend Belene.
The government's hands on the Belene NPP project are untied and from now on we have to work very seriously in order to have really good results for Bulgaria, Energy Minister Temenujka Petkova told journalists in parliament. According to her words, a procedure for the selection of a strategic investor is forthcoming. It is important that it is well designed, maximally public, transparent, with objective criteria that will enable the selection of the best offer, the minister said. NEK must assess the assets we own for this project, she said.
Let's hope that the investor interest, which has so far been declared, will be re-confirmed, Petkova said. According to her, the plant can be ready within 7-8 years.
The situation in 2012 and today is radically different, the Minister explained. In 2012 there was no clarity about the structure of the project. We did not know how the arbitration would end. EU energy policy was different from today, said Petkova. Another difference is the presence of real investor interest by companies that are recognized at world level, she added.
None of us has any interest in going back, looking for guilt, we must look forward and with common efforts to try to do something good for Bulgaria, which will also guarantee our energy security and will give the opportunity that the Bulgarian taxpayers who have put in the project - over BGN 3 billion, commented Petkova.
Post by TsarSamuil on Jun 14, 2018 14:05:11 GMT -5
Sweden 'begrudgingly' approves construction of Russia’s second gas pipeline to Northern Europe.
RT.com 8 Jun, 2018 10:04
The Swedish government has granted a permit for the construction of Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in its territorial waters, despite reservations.
The 9.5 billion euro ($11.17 billion) project is set to bring Russian gas to Germany under the Baltic Sea. It is a joint venture of Russian energy giant Gazprom with French Engie, Austrian OMV AG, UK-Dutch Royal Dutch Shell, and German Uniper and Wintershall. The capacity of the pipeline will be 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year.
“The government gives permission to Nord Stream 2 to lay a gas pipeline in the economic zone of Sweden in the Baltic Sea. Sweden has no choice of saying 'no' to the project,” the Minister for Enterprise and Innovation, Mikael Damberg told reporters at a press conference.
Damberg, however, emphasized the government’s “negative attitude towards the project as a whole, since there is a risk that it contradicts the goals of the Energy Union.”
He also mentioned the consequences for Ukraine as a transit country for Russian gas due to possible significant economic losses that could arise.
The EU “should reduce dependence on Russian gas” which, according to the Swedish minister, is an instrument of “political pressure.”
In April, the project's operator, Nord Stream 2 AG, obtained a license to build an underwater section of the pipe in German territorial waters and an input terminal in Germany. A similar license has been granted by Finland, where preparatory work at an undersea section of the pipeline is already underway.
According to the operator, Nord Stream 2 is the most efficient way, both economically and ecologically, to deliver Russian gas to European consumers. The future pipeline will provide transit of 70 percent of Russian gas sales to the EU via the German route when it is built in 2019.
Post by TsarSamuil on Jun 14, 2018 16:37:13 GMT -5
Mongolia open to Russia building gas pipeline through its territory to China.
RT.com 9 Jun, 2018 20:23
Mongolia is interested in letting Russia build a pipeline to China through their territory, according to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“We generally support the idea. But, of course, as always in such cases, you need to thoroughly work out the feasibility,” Putin said during a trilateral meeting with the heads of the People’s Republic of China and Mongolia in Qingdao, China.
Mongolia has been offering its territory for transit of Russian gas to China for a number of years, pointing to security and length of the way. Meanwhile, all the ways of supplying gas to China discussed and implemented by Russia’s Gazprom are direct pipelines from Russia to China without transit states from Blagoveshchensk, Vladivostok, and Altai.
Russia is China’s largest supplier of oil, while the latter is the largest buyer in the world. “Last year, we supplied more than 50 million tons of oil. By April, this number increased by another 26 percent,” the Russian president said at a press conference in Beijing after meeting China’s president, Xi Jinping.
Work on the construction of the Eastern Route pipeline from Russia to China is on schedule, and companies from both countries are participating at Russia’s $27 billion LNG plant in Yamal, Putin added.
Post by TsarSamuil on Jun 15, 2018 10:47:21 GMT -5
Russia & China agree to joint gold mining project in Siberia.
RT.com 15 Jun, 2018 09:49
The Russian government has approved a cooperation agreement with China on developing the Klyuchevskoye gold ore deposit in the Trans-Baikal region.
The decree was signed by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, and the project is expected to be operational in two years. The planned volume of ore extraction is over 12 million tons per year.
Development of the Klyuchevskoye gold deposit is a very important project, according to the region’s governor, Natalia Zhdanova. Three countries – Russia, India, and China – are involved in the project’s development.
“It is important for the region. Foreign economic policy and attraction of investors are among the key work aspects for the Trans-Baikal’s government,” Zhdanova said, adding that 28 projects involving foreign investors are already being implemented there.
Earlier this month, she held talks with representatives of Indian investment company SUN Gold and Chinese state-owned gold mining company China National Gold.
Chinese and Indian companies plan to invest nearly $500 million in the project, which is expected to create about 3,000 jobs in the region.
The project will be based on the experience of China Gold in the operation of similar deposits in Inner Mongolia (China).
Post by TsarSamuil on Jun 15, 2018 10:47:58 GMT -5
Russia in talks to build gas pipeline uniting the Korean Peninsula.
RT.com 15 Jun, 2018 10:03
Russia’s energy major Gazprom has resumed talks with Seoul over the construction of a gas pipeline connecting Russia with North and South Korea.
"The political situation has changed, and the South Korean side has contacted Gazprom regarding the resumption of this project. A series of talks has been held, and these negotiations are continuing," said Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee Vitaly Markelov.
The project to unite the Korean Peninsula with a gas pipeline has been discussed for a long time, but official talks started in 2011. The negotiations were frozen after relations between Seoul and Pyongyang deteriorated.
In March, Seoul announced that it is ready to resume the project. According to South Korea’s Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha “if the North participates in talks on Northeast Asia energy cooperation, it would serve as a catalyst that helps ease geopolitical tensions in the region."
Energy-hungry South Korea is currently forced to buy more expensive liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipments. If the pipeline is built, it would halve the costs of gas coming to the country, analysts have estimated.
South Korea’s only land border is with North Korea. In the past, Seoul has been concerned that, if the pipeline is built, Pyongyang could employ blackmail tactics or even block the transit.
South Korea is interested in buying 10 billion cubic meters of gas per year from Russia. At the moment, it already buys about 1.5 billion from Russia’s Arctic LNG plant in Yamal. The pipeline, if implemented, will be 1,100km long, of which 700 km should pass through North Korean territory. The project cost was estimated at $2.5 billion back in 2011.
Most Germans support Russia’s Nord Stream 2 pipeline, saying US vitriol just desire to sell own gas.
RT.com 23 Jul, 2018 15:37
The majority of Germans support Nord Stream 2, a poll revealed Monday. It also showed that most dismissed Donald Trump’s negative comments on the pipeline as a tactic to promote US liquefied gas in Europe.
Two thirds of respondents support the Nord Stream 2 Baltic Sea pipeline because it would help provide Germany with a more reliable supply of natural gas, according to the the Forsa poll, which surveyed 1,004 Germans. Nord Stream 2 is a project to expand the existing Nord Stream main gas pipeline linking Russia and Germany along the bottom of the Baltic Sea.
During the recent NATO summit Donald Trump called Nord Stream 2 a mistake saying that Germany buying Russian gas made it its ‘captive’. But just under 84 percent of respondents to Monday's poll brushed off Trump's comments, labelling his statement "completely absurd".
The poll showed 92 percent were even more cynical, saying that they suspected that Trump's motive for making the comments was primarily to promote the sale of US liquefied gas in Europe and Germany.
The poll also indicated that over half of Germans think that Europe can defend itself without US military support, with only 37 percent of respondents saying they believed Europe depended on US military help. The Forsa poll results come less than two weeks after US president Donald Trump threatened to pull support over defence spending.
The Nord Stream 2 pipeline is planned to pass through the exclusive economic zones and territorial waters of Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany and is scheduled for completion at the end of 2019. According to Washington, the pipeline violates the energy security of the EU and undermines the interests of Ukraine.
In an attempt to dissuade NATO allies from participating in the pipeline project, the US has previously threatened to impose sanctions on those European energy companies involved.
Russia has defended the pipeline, saying that Moscow is a guarantor of Europe’s energy security. Last week, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that President Trump's criticism of Nord Stream-2 is an egregious example of unscrupulous competition and it worries Moscow.
Post by TsarSamuil on Sept 6, 2018 13:08:16 GMT -5
Bulgaria Inches Closer to Russia, to the West’s Disappointment.
intpolicydigest.org WORLD NEWS / 28 AUG 2018 - Marcu Niculescu
Bulgaria’s new hope to get a piece of Russia’s lucrative gas sales lies with Turk Stream, an €11.4 billion project to send Russian gas to Europe through Turkey, bypassing Ukraine
Four years after their plan to transport Russian gas via the South Stream pipeline collapsed, the Bulgarian government is angling yet again to shuttle Gazprom’s immense reserves from Turkey to Europe and has just expanded its Trans Balkan pipeline with this purpose in mind. But the EU is worried that one of its newest members is unprepared to undertake such a project and won’t disburse the gas fairly. More significantly, it frets that Sofia, which held the EU Council Presidency for the first half of 2018, is moving away from Brussels and back towards its former Soviet overlord.
Bulgaria’s new hope to get a piece of Russia’s lucrative gas sales lies with Turk Stream, an €11.4 billion project to send Russian gas to Europe through Turkey, bypassing Ukraine. The first line of the project, already complete, serves local consumers; the second will send over 15 billion cubic metres of gas on to southeast and central Europe. Russia already sends gas to Turkey via Bulgaria, but the line runs through Ukraine—if Moscow cuts Kiev out of the loop next year as it’s hoping to do, Bulgaria risks losing around €100 million a year in transit fees. It’s hoping to replace these with Turk Stream 2, and is lobbying Gazprom and Turkish officials to run the line through Bulgaria’s Black Sea port of Varna rather than through Greece.
Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has expressed confidence that Moscow will give the green light to the rerouting– as long as Bulgaria can find a reliable means to send the gas on to the rest of Europe. Sofia has already talked with Brussels about splitting the gas between trade and transit, sending some of the supply straight on to central Europe and selling the rest at a gas hub at Varna – partially funded by EU money – against at least two rival sources, likely from Greece and Azerbaijan. Because Brussels wants to ensure the European gas market is “diversified and competitive,” it has tentatively agreed to support the gas hub.
Yet some officials point out that Bulgaria still fails to meet the EU’s conditions for being a gas trading hub, and its recent record on energy is far from impeccable. Sofia has yet to fully implement EU energy directives by opening up its cross-border pipelines with Greece and Serbia, and the country has faced criticism for diverting billions in potentially non-compatible state aid to coal-fired power plants.
Against this backdrop, critics fear Bulgaria will simply abandon the trading hub project and send all the Turk Stream gas straight to Europe in order to collect the huge transit fees. After all, this was the plan when South Stream was still in the cards. Worryingly, EU sources say that as long as Bulgaria follows the bloc’s internal energy market rules, there’s little they can do to stop this.
One of the main reasons Brussels wants to ensure diversified energy supplies is the hold Gazprom has over Eastern Europe. The EU waged a seven-year antitrust battle to curb Gazprom’s price dominance in Russia’s former satellites, and Moscow’s aggressive recent history makes officials particularly jittery about outages. The EU openly states that its energy supply strategy was framed by “concerns surrounding the delivery of Russian gas via Ukraine.”
Yet Gazprom remains the sole exporter of gas to Bulgaria. For the EU, which is currently helping the Baltic States decouple themselves from the old Soviet power grid, Sofia’s plan to increase its reliance on Russian energy is an obvious setback – and could be interpreted as a rejection of the very policy designed to protect it.
This all comes just weeks after Bulgarian President Rumen Radev personally backed resuming construction of a second nuclear power plant in Belene, a project started in the late 1980’s, frozen in the 90’s, restarted in the 2000’s and put on hold in 2012 amidst mounting EU pressure to loosen ties with Moscow. Bulgaria’s former energy minister Traicho Traikov has suggested the plant will hemorrhage money and block new technologies, yet Radev insists Belene, which Russian state nuclear company Rosatom has already expressed interest in, “has a future.”
This is part of a wider charm offensive by Radev, who has ignored the international storm surrounding election-meddling and spy-poisoning to strengthen Sofia’s relationship with the Kremlin. Bulgaria was Moscow’s most loyal satellite during the Cold War era but has since strived to assert its independence, ejecting three Russian diplomats at the turn of the millennium and joining NATO. Radev was elected in 2016 on a pledge to rebuild bridges with Moscow, a promise he’s lived up to so far. If the EU wants to maintain sanctionson Putin, he appears indifferent.
Radev has at least pledged continued loyalty to Bulgaria’s NATO allies, and the parliament has approved plans to replace the rusting Soviet MiGs with new planes from Western allies. In a worrying sign of the treatment accorded to Western investors, however, Sofia took the unprecedented step of referring to Brussels the power purchase agreements used to buy energy from two US companies, ContourGlobal and AES. Bulgarian officials insist this decision is about liberalising its energy market, yet when you set it against the choice to restart construction on Belene, it’s easy to see why critics fret about Sofia’s priorities.
Having given Bulgaria the Council Presidency and talked up its Schengen accession, there is little more the EU can do to guide Bulgaria away from Moscow. Perhaps it could try the stick rather than the carrot, getting tough on Sofia over its illegal subsidies and pointing out that EU membership comes with certain obligations.
But at the end of the day, the EU remains constrained by its own rules. If Bulgaria follows the bloc’s own legislation, the EU may be forced to stand back and watch as Radev and Borissov push a Russo-centric energy policy. After months of maintaining a coherent front against Putin, Brussels’ bureaucrats might reflect that their copious rulebook can hinder unity as much as help it.
Post by TsarSamuil on Sept 19, 2018 0:08:06 GMT -5
Hungary wants Russia's Turkish Stream pipeline to be extended into Europe – Orban.
RT.com 18 Sep, 2018 14:27
The Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has asked Russia to extend the Turkish Stream natural gas pipeline to his country and further into Europe.
Orban, who is on a visit to Moscow, broached this potential project during a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday. "It's no secret that Hungary wants the pipeline that's being built near the south of the country, to go through Hungary,” Orban said. The countries have also agreed a gas delivery service from Russia to Hungary for 2020.
The current agreement on the supply of Russian gas to Hungary expires in 2020. On the eve of talks between Putin and Orban, Hungarian Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto said Hungary expects to continue buying Russian gas after that period.
“I do not rule out that after the completion of the Turkish Stream, one of its land extensions could pass through Hungary,” Putin said after talks with Orban.
The Turkish Stream (aka TurkStream) was agreed by Russia and Turkey in October 2016. The first branch will deliver gas to Turkish consumers, while the second one will bring it to the countries in southern and south-eastern Europe. The European leg is expected to decrease Russia’s dependence on transit through Ukraine. Each of the lines has a maximum capacity of 15.75 billion cubic meters a year.
In June, the Bulgaran Prime Minister Boyko Borissov asked Russia to extend the Turkish Stream to his country. Russia’s Gazprom is planning to extend the pipeline to Bulgaria, Hungary and Serbia.
Sparks Fly at Energy Forum: Why Does Russia Blame US For High Oil and Gas Prices?
Vesti News Oct 4, 2018
Vladimir Putin: “I'm saying absolutely seriously, I want the obscurantism to end related to the alleged Russian interference in an election campaign in the US. I want the American elite to finally calm down. I want them to work things out with each other. I want there to be an equilibrium and balance, just like on the oil market, the balance of common sense and national interests. I want their domestic squabbles to not poison Russian-American relations and to not affect the global situation."
Russia to construct 6 nuclear power plant units in India.
RT.com 5 Oct, 2018 11:04
Moscow and New Delhi have agreed to extend their peaceful nuclear energy business. Russia’s Rosatom will build new sites in India, according to an agreement signed during Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to India.
“The parties plan, in particular, to develop the project on construction of six Russia-designed nuclear power plant units in India at the new site, to expand cooperation in third countries and cooperation in new promising areas in the nuclear power industry,” the press release from Rosatom said.
The agreement was signed by Rosatom CEO Aleksey Likhachev and Indian Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Kamlesh Nilkanth Vyas on the sidelines of the Russian-Indian summit in New Delhi on Friday. The site for new NPP units is not named, but previously it was reported that it may be located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Russia is one of India’s key partners in nuclear energy. Russia built the single largest nuclear power station in India, Kudankulam NPP, which was first agreed back in 1988 with the Soviet leadership. The construction began in 2002, and the NPP was launched in 2013. Since then, the plant has been expanded, and Russia is building units 3 and 4 at the plant with plans to build units 5 and 6 in the next two years.
“We are satisfied with our strategic cooperation with India, where the Russian designed nuclear power units are operating and being constructed at Kudankulam site. We expect to start implementation in the near future serial construction of new units at a second site in India,” Rosatom’s Likhachev said.
President Putin said during his meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday that the countries could expand their energy cooperation to other spheres. “We are ready to consider the possibility of cooperation in the framework of such programs as Far East LNG, Arctic LNG-2, as well as other projects for the development of natural resources of Siberia, Yamal and the continental shelf in the Russian Federation,” Putin told Modi.
The Russian president also announced that the countries have plans to boost trade to $30 billion by 2025, which is triple the current level.
Europe violates competition by creating perks for expensive US natural gas - Gazprom.
RT.com 7 Oct, 2018 07:29
The European Union uses unfair competition methods in regulating the gas market, said Gazprom’s Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee, Aleksandr Medvedev.
“An attempt to change the competitive environment under political pretexts, to create unequal conditions of competition, is very dangerous. It will lead to economic consequences,” Medvedev warned, speaking at the St. Petersburg International Gas Forum.
Gazprom’s top manager was referring to Lithuania, which is giving out special perks and benefits to have infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG) from the United States.
Russia has repeatedly proved that pipeline gas from Russia to Europe is cheaper and safer than LNG shipments from the US. With Lithuania wanting US gas so much, the higher costs are being paid by end consumer, Medvedev said.
The Lithuanian Energy Ministry earlier said that it needs an LNG terminal to diversify its gas purchases and prevent the Russian energy giant from increasing prices.
“It is estimated that if not for the LNG terminal in Lithuania, Gazprom could apply an additional price premium of 11% to 20% on gas sold in the region,” it said in April.
Russian authorities have said that Washington has been trying to prevent the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, from Russia to Germany, in an attempt to force-feed American LNG to Europe.
Germany, which wants the pipeline to be implemented because of its financial attractiveness, has been blasted by the Trump administration for sticking to the project.
Putin launches giant gem mine in Russia’s Far North (VIDEO)
RT.com 31 Oct, 2018 11:29
A new diamond deposit has opened in Russia's northeastern region of Yakutia. The project is run by Alrosa, the world's largest diamond mining company.
“Russia is a country of enormous natural wealth, and diamonds of Yakutia are another national treasure of which we are proud. The launch of the new field is another step towards improving the quality of life of the population in the Far North and strengthening Russia's leadership in the global diamond market,” said Russian President Vladimir Putin, who launched the project on Wednesday.
The Verkhne-Munskoye diamond field is the largest investment project for Alrosa. The company will invest 60 billion rubles (shy of $1 billion at the current exchange rate) by 2042. The field will produce about 1.8 million carats of diamonds a year, and its reserves are enough to continue mining operations for more than 20 years (till 2042).
The deposit aims at ensuring reliable diamond production and providing workplaces for local residents. The project’s implementation was complicated by its remoteness from the existing infrastructure. The Verkhne-Munskoye field is located 170 kilometers from the mining plant, and building a new plant was unprofitable for Alrosa. The company solved the problem by constructing a service lane.
“The start of mining operations at Verkhne-Munskoye Diamond Field is a great event for our company and our Northern industry-based towns. Verkhne-Munskoye field will compensate the decrease in production at other facilities, in particular, it will replace the retired capacities of Mir,” Alrosa CEO Sergey Ivanov said.
New Pipeline Finished! “Power of Siberia” Gas to Flow Under Amur River to Fuel China!
Vesti News Nov 2, 2018
The construction of the underwater gas pipe from Russia to China is finished. The specialists managed to finish it several weeks before the deadline. Two threads were installed not far from Blagoveshchensk and Heihe. Now, the pipes that go under the Amur river will be connected to the ground infrastructure.
Russia’s gold reserves smash Soviet-era record as part of Moscow's de-dollarization drive.
RT.com 2 Nov, 2018 10:01
The Central Bank of Russia bought over 92 tons of gold in the three months to the end of September breaking the Soviet peak of 2000 tons in gold reserves seen in 1941, according to a new report by the World Gold Council (WGC).
Russia reportedly purchased more gold than any other country in the world, followed by Turkey, Kazakhstan, and India, which bought 18.5 tons, 13.4 tons and 13.7 tons respectively.
That marks the highest quarterly net purchase since 1993, when the WGC started tracking the country’s data. Russia’s gold stockpile now accounts for 17 percent of the country's overall foreign exchange reserves.
The Central Bank of Russia will keep adding bullion to its reserves, while reducing the share of US sovereign bond holdings at the same time, according to Anatoly Aksakov, the chairman of the State Duma Committee on Financial Markets.
“This is a growing trend. Over the last five years, countries have been boosting the share of gold in their reserves, reducing the dollar share,” Aksakov told RIA Novosti.
“Investments in the US Treasury securities have been in record decline. I think this trend will continue.”
The regulator started a gradual sell-off of the US sovereign debt shortly after Washington introduced economic sanctions against Russia, threatening to fence off the country from dollar transactions, as well as from the SWIFT global payment network. The share of Russian investments in US Treasuries, which totaled nearly $176 billion in 2010, has dropped to a record low of $14 billion as of August.
When it comes to foreign exchange reserves, Russian authorities are pursuing the policy of absolute safety. Earlier this year, Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said the country has to ditch its holdings of US Treasuries in favor of more secure assets, such as the ruble, the euro, and precious metals.
TsarSamuil: A guy keeps spamming casino links every day, I have to ban him constantly, I wonder what his post count would be otherwise, approaching mine?
Jan 10, 2020 14:27:01 GMT -5
Borrka: Anybody here? Where are the old regulars!?
Mar 15, 2020 10:48:19 GMT -5
Deleted: On FB, Twitter, Instagram, TikTok etc.
Apr 19, 2020 4:29:09 GMT -5
gioblack94: Hello,I'm the representative of the Bulgarians and the main coordinator of Bulgaria of a movement called:"The slavic movement".Our mission is to create a slavic union and we welcome everybody who wants to join our cause:https://discord.gg/gMh2Zm
May 18, 2020 9:10:02 GMT -5
WhiteGaysack: And what do you think OUR mission is since 2004?
Jun 5, 2020 14:56:11 GMT -5
WC: Tsar, habe you lost interest? Kudos that you continued posting all the years.
Jun 20, 2020 3:10:01 GMT -5
WC: Nikolov, wuz up?
Jun 28, 2020 13:54:49 GMT -5
TheChornyvolk: Borka, I still fuck your mother.
Jul 15, 2020 14:52:53 GMT -5
Raskolnikov: A thread about the racial movements currently happening in the west would be interesting. Is this forum alive enough to create a topic about it?
Jul 20, 2020 9:57:24 GMT -5
TheChornyvolk: No. But you can lick my ass, instead.
Jul 24, 2020 2:37:47 GMT -5
Raskolnikov: And get an STD? no way
Aug 5, 2020 11:06:27 GMT -5
Raskolnikov: I changed my opinion. Now I want!
Aug 9, 2020 15:46:12 GMT -5
White Cossack: WTF is going on here? That's Slavija, not Spermia.
Aug 30, 2020 13:48:17 GMT -5