Russian cargo spacecraft docks with space station.
MOSCOW, Nov. 2 (Xinhua) -- The Russian cargo spacecraft Progress M-13M docked with the International Space Station (ISS) on Wednesday after three days of flight, the Russian Mission Control Center said.
The Progress M-13M, which is the last cargo spacecraft to the ISS in 2011, docked at 15:42 Moscow Time (1142 GMT), the center said.
The space freighter delivered more than 2.6 tons of technical equipment, fuel, water and food supplies, as well as a small Chibis-M satellite designed to study lightning and thunderstorms in the Earth's atmosphere.
The Progress M-13M is scheduled to stay in orbit for three months and will undock from the ISS on Jan. 25 to return to Earth.
The Oct. 30 launch of the Progress M-13M was the first since the failed launch of a Progress M-12M cargo ship on Aug. 24 due to a rocket malfunction.
Following the launch of Progress M-13M, a manned Soyuz TMA-22 with three astronauts aboard will fly to the ISS on Nov. 14.
Raising a foot to step on Mars: 17-month virtual trip over.
RT.com 3 November, 2011, 11:06
The ambitious experiment simulating a manned mission to Mars is coming to an end on Friday, when the virtual space travelers will “land” back on Earth. RT has spoken to the head of the project Boris Morukov.
RT: Mr. Morukov, Mars-500 was your idea, and now the project will soon be over, and they will walk out of this chamber. How does it feel? It’s been 17 months. Are you anxious?
Boris Morukov: Of course I'm anxious! We were more anxious, though, when they just walked in. Now we are looking forward to the end of the experiment. Of course, such extensive isolation will require the crew to spend some time in rehabilitation. It will be hard work for us to analyze the results. But the very fact that the team managed to stay the course is a source of delight.
RT: From the very start, there has been much controversy over Mars-500, especially among professionals. Some people said that you can’t become a Formula 1 driver by spending a year and a half in the driver seat. Ordinary people who don’t know much about the experiment are likely to ask, what’s the purpose of spending $15 million to isolate six able-bodied men from the rest of the world for 17 months?
BM: The purpose is as follows. The experiment has been designed to define the limits of human capacities. A mission to Mars is an idea that’s been on people’s minds for at least 50 years. Feasible projects of flights to the Red Planet were developed as early as in the 1960s. Then space exploration took a different course, but the beginning of the 21st century was again marked by a growing interest in flights beyond the [Earth’s] orbit, flights to other planets. It will put space science on a new level, in terms of technology, knowledge and extended limits of human capacities. The work on the International Space Station is viewed as a preparation for interplanetary voyages.
RT: You say the experiment is supposed to define the limits of human capacities. But does it give you any specific answers like when can humans first reach Mars, who will be the pioneer to step on to its surface?
BM: As a friend of mine once said, it’s not even the first step. We’ve only lifted our foot to take that first step. Before we decide on the equipment that will be used in a flight to Mars, we first need to have an understanding of the limits of the human body, its psychological and physiological capacities. Secondly, we need to decide on the amount of resources to be taken along, about the way our life support system will operate during such long missions.
Communications between the crew and the Earth will be a different ball game. In orbital flights, much of the work rests on the shoulders of the specialists on the ground. An interplanetary mission is also characterized by autonomy, independence. You cannot turn back. It’s a totally different situation.
And without testing and identifying the primary elements – the life support system, the volume of the resources needed, and human capacities – it’s difficult to make plans even on an initial design of a future spacecraft. Research in human capacities should go before the design of a spacecraft, though our scientists are quite active in designing new vehicles. This is an experimental facility. It can serve as a model or give us the data on the real size that will be needed for a real flight.
Anyway, a mission to Mars will most likely consist of four crew, not six. The mission will need to cut the amount of resources that will be taken aboard.
RT: The problem is the crew members know that in case of any emergency scientists can interfere at any point, unlike in space, and resolve it in a way that would be different to space conditions. Does this fact devalue the scope of the experiment?
BM: No, it doesn’t, although this is a major factor. On a real trip you realize that you are away and you cannot make a U-turn, even if you wanted to, that you will take the road back only after you’ve reached the goal. In contrast, the crew locked up here is fully aware that they are not far away from the center of Moscow. It’s very hard to imitate this factor. But what we can imitate is the isolation from the outside world. Although at the same time we seek to keep some form of interaction between the crew and the world because it’s a kind of psychological support.
One of the limitations we’ve introduced was the ban on direct real-time voice contacts. Only digital exchange of information was allowed. That limitation lasted for 420 days, and when voice calls were allowed again, their faces grew much brighter, it raised their mood a lot. Before that, they led a very isolated life. Of course, like on any space mission, they sought ways to vent their dissatisfaction, they made friends with the ground control dispatchers, they had friends and maybe even enemies. But in principle, this project was marked by a higher level of isolation.
RT: What were the crew motivated by? What can encourage a person to stay away from their relatives and friends for 17 months? It’s not really a flight to Mars – the experiment won’t make them world famous and proud to be the first to land on Mars?
BM: There’s a profession called a test engineer, and I think I could count myself as part of this group. It’s the people who are always one step ahead of what’s actually going on in space or in case of an emergency.
RT: So they are enthusiasts helping mankind to move forward?
BM: Not just enthusiasts…
RT: Seventeen months is a pretty long period of life…
BM: It’s really long… For me, too, I am among those who’ve been affected.
RT: But they are surely paid enough money for that?
BM: No, this is not big money, in my view.
RT: Is it a secret?
BM: No, it’s not. We’ve promised to pay 3 million rubles (about $97,500). We have agreed that the amount of compensation for the Europeans and Russians will be roughly the same. The Chinese agency employs different criteria. Anyway, the point I would like to underline is that it’s an international crew. There have been many concerns that they would split into groups according to the language. The Chinese member is a representative of a totally different culture, an ancient culture.
RT: There was a report saying that three months before the experiment’s scheduled ending, the crew members stopped writing letters. Is that true and, if yes, what are the reasons?
BM: They are very avid writers. Even now that they have an opportunity to make voice calls, at least with ground control, they still write letters, and write a lot.
RT: So they never stopped writing?
BM: Never. There was a moment though, which was during a scheduled emergency blackout, when any means of communication was cut off. They didn’t have access to any information. It only lasted a week.
But you know the interesting thing about it was that they didn’t complain. They said they even liked it – it’s so quiet. They worked in an autonomous mode; they had instructions on how to behave, and a plan of action.
RT: What do they usually write about? You just said these are long messages. What’s in them?
BM: We have four information channels to transmit medical data, in-house information, scientific information accumulated for research and experiment and the space crew’s private correspondence. I learned that one person on the team is writing a book. I am not sure what is to become of it, but nevertheless…
RT: What is the book about – the experiment?
BM: Yes, the book is about the experiment. Excerpts of the crew's notebooks get published. This is what distinguishes Europeans from the representatives of Russian culture – they are used to describing their experience in blogs and on Live Journal pages. And, rather naturally, these publications generate massive response. The writers get a lot of information in response.
RT: So the Europeans get some feedback from the public, do they?
BM: Exactly. The public sends their messages to us first and we redirect them to the crew. There are two sides to this – a positive and a negative one. If the message contains some distressing reports, it may trigger a negative reaction.
RT: What kind of news do the crew members receive? Do they know about the war in Libya, do they know that a tsunami almost wiped out Japan, or do you screen the information that’s coming to them?
BM: They know. Global catastrophes are a major concern to them. For example, the news of the explosion at Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow was not delivered to them immediately. Despite the sadness of such reports, they should be delivered on time. Withholding information can trigger a negative reaction.
RT: These people don’t get any sunlight; they’ve given up on their favorite occupations for quite a time. What kind of psychological impact does it all have on them? Is there a risk that the project’s participants will encounter some kind of psychological fallout later, when they’ve left the capsule?
BM: I am not sure about the consequences but I do know that a person needs social rehabilitation after such experiments, because he practically drops out of his everyday life for quite a long time. I remember one case when a man was afraid of crossing the street after taking part in a long-term experiment. Such things happen. He returned back to normal later, of course, and even crossed the street running in inappropriate places.
All I want to say is that such experiences always leave traces. A person gets used to living in a capsule, his life stereotype undergoes changes. Everything is planned for him by other people, though the crew are offered the opportunity to take their own decisions, or introduce changes, from time to time. But all the same, we rarely know what we will be doing in a week's time in real life, and there everything proceeds according to the plan.
RT: Has any of the crew surprised you personally?
BM: Yes, the Chinese participant surprised me. I was surprised by the smoothness with which he joined the team. He established good, stable relations with every crew member. There are always certain tensions between people – you can't help it – but he made really huge progress in the course of the experiment, it was almost visible. He became a professional. The Russian participants surprised me too, in a way.
I should say we made the right choices when forming the crew. There was absolutely no dictator among the participants, no self-proclaimed commander. They based their relations on consensus, when you can talk and reach an agreement. Even if something has gone wrong and someone is dissatisfied, it is important to be able to put the common cause and interests of this small group of people prior to your own feelings and ambitions.
RT: Does anyone of them have a chance of taking part in a real Mars mission?
BM: It's a question of time. We don't know when it will happen.
RT: Still we’ve been exposed to so many movies about Mars missions that it has become almost an obsession to colonize it. When do you think we will finally make it?
BM: To inhabit Mars is not the same thing as to perform one space trip to Mars.
RT: Let’s start with the first trip. You can’t colonize Mars without first landing on it.
BM: It is technically viable. There are a number of projects and our designers are working on them. But whether we fly to Mars or not depends on two things: this space flight should be authorized and international cooperation should be established, because it won't be an accomplishment of one single nation or a group of people but rather of the entire global community.
RT: Was it an intentional decision to leave women out?
BM: No, it was not intentional; moreover, we had applications from women candidates. And in one of the preliminary tests we even had a female commander. There are two things that can account for the absence of women on the team: we did not make a point of the candidate's sex or make distinctions between men and women. We looked at the level of proficiency, character traits, the ability to work on a team and many other qualities.
RT: But women are weaker?
BM: No, there are different women. But personally I would be sorry to put a woman in such conditions because a man can break his daily routine much more easily than a woman, it applies to the private life, family and even the professional career. A woman cannot afford to lose so much time; she should never stop collecting points.
RT: Mr. Morukov, thank you very much for the interview.
The crew of the international “mission” to Mars has finally “returned” to Earth in Moscow, bringing one of the world's most grueling scientific experiments to a close.
Six volunteers, including three Russians (Alexey Sitev, Alexandr Smoleevskiy and Sukhrob Kamolov), as well as representatives from Europe (Romain Charles), China (Wang Yue) and South America (Diego Urbina), can now see daylight for the first time in 520 days. That is the exact time they spent isolated in their mock spaceship, simulating a trip to the Red Planet and back.
The men have been sealed in the mock spacecraft for 17 months. But they never left the Institute of Biomedical Problems in Moscow, and could have quit the Mars-500 isolation experiment at any time.
“It’s not even the first step, we’ve only lifted our foot to take that step,” the head of the Mars-500 project, Boris Morukov, explains. “Before we decide on the equipment that we used in the flight to Mars, we first need to have an understanding of the limits of the human body, its psychological and physiological capacities. Research in human capacities should go before the design of a spacecraft, though our scientists are quite active in designing new vehicles.”
A piece of string was set into wax on June the 3rd 2010, but despite many predictions to the contrary, that seal has remained unbroken throughout the experiment. Only now, after all this time, are the men inside being reunited with the outside world.
“I was afraid of conflicts that could lead to an early termination of the experiment. We tried to consider all potential risks and to nip all tensions in the bud,” says Yury Bubeyev, a psychologist and physiologist.
The scientists behind it wanted to see if the six-man crew would be able to go all that time without severe psychological effects. There have been worries about something called "social narrowing" – the name given to some of the effects of spending a long time in isolation. There have been reports of cosmonauts and astronauts in space suffering from what some have dubbed as “space madness”, when staying in a metal box in space for a long time was cause severe stress.
In 2000, when a shorter version of the same experiment was held, two crew members started fighting, while another tried to kiss a female member. Luckily, nothing similar happened this time.
From the busy control room, RT’s Tom Barton was able to ask one of them for himself: “How were your relations with your crewmates?”
“In the beginning I was hoping that…not hoping, I was maybe waiting for something bad to happen, you know, like a fight or something,” a participant Diego Urbina replied. “Being in such close quarters for such a long time it would be, you know, the most normal thing in the world, but it never happened. We have been a very cohesive team from the beginning.”
The experiment was kept as real as possible, with a 20-minute time delay in communications, once the mock ship was on its way. That meant the team was alone. They could talk freely with loved ones, but researchers decided to withhold bad news from the outside world. That was a tricky business.
“We had to keep in mind that some information could come in with private correspondence,” Yuri Bubeyev continued. “Some relatives could break the news. In this case, any prolonged silence on our part could lead to tensions and misunderstanding. They could think that we withheld the information deliberately.”
The highlight of the crew’s trip was a simulated landing on Mars. With the long isolation and boredom before it, scientists observed with amazement just how real it became for them when they made Martian landfall.
“Their pulse rate was 160 beats per minute,” Alexander Suvorov, the Chief Operating Officer of MARS-500 project told RT. “Now compare that with the pulse of the first cosmonaut Yury Gagarin – while in orbit, it was 152 beats per minute.”
The outside world too has been intrigued by Mars-500, mostly through betting on how and when the experiment would fail. One bookmaker put eight to one odds on one of the crew members going insane because of it.
“We were having a laugh not too long ago about it,” Diego Urbina tells. “We’re happy that somebody won probably a lot of money thanks to betting that nobody went crazy or nobody went out.”
Even though the project is only a dry run, it is still a significant achievement for Earth's first Martian pioneers.
Knowing that they have been part of something that has been judged as a real step forward for the mankind wanting to reach out and explore the far reaches of space, may partially compensate for the participants of the experiment for being away from their loved ones for such a long time.
Last Edit: Nov 4, 2011 16:40:47 GMT -5 by TsarSamuil
Russia has successfully launched a Proton-M launch vehicle with three GLONASS-M navigation satellites from the Baikonur Space Center in Kazakhstan.
The launch was to have taken place a day earlier, but was delayed as a switch malfunction in the ground-control system was discovered during a pre-launch test. The device was then replaced.
The first stage of the rocket will fall over the Karaganda region of Kazakhstan, the second stage in the republics of Altay, Tuva and Khakassia in Russia, and the third stage in the Pacific, the Federal Space Agency told Interfax on Friday.
The Friday launch of the Proton-M was the first since the December 5, 2010, crash of an identical launch vehicle coupled with a DM-03 upper stage carrying three GLONASS-M navigation satellites, which dropped into the Pacific Ocean about 1,500 kilometers from Honolulu.
The Proton-M three-stage liquid-fuel launch vehicle is a product of the Khrunichev State Aerospace Center. The rocket has a take-off weight of 703 tonnes and can carry payloads of up to 22 tonnes to low orbits of 200 kilometers.
GLONASS is a radio-based satellite navigation system developed by the former Soviet Union and now operated by Russian Space Forces. It is both an alternative to and complementary to the United States’ Global Positioning System (GPS) and the planned Galileo positioning system of the European Union (EU).
According to the Central Scientific Research Machine-Building Institute, 27 satellites are in the orbital group as of November 3. Twenty-three of them are used for their designated purpose, while one is in the phase of joining to the system, two are out of operation for technical maintenance, and one is in orbital reserve.
At least 18 working satellites are needed for the GLONASS system navigation signal to be received continuously all over Russian territory, while for global purposes there needs to be 24.
Post by TsarSamuil on Nov 11, 2011 15:01:55 GMT -5
Russia yet to make contact with Mars moon probe.
12:00 11/11/2011 MOSCOW, November 11 (RIA Novosti)
Attempts during the night to receive a signal from the unmanned lander Phobos-Grunt spacecraft, which failed to reach its orbit after separating from the launch vehicle on November 9, have so far been to no avail, a source in the space industry said on Friday.
“The spacecraft repeatedly passed over the Baikonur station and other Russian and foreign points of space communications during the night. There is no news yet,” the spokesman said.
The Phobos-Grunt probe was launched from the Baikonur Space Center in Kazakhstan on Wednesday, but its engines failed to put it on course for the Red Planet.
The mission is Russia’s first foray into deep space since losing a Mars-bound lander in 1996.
The craft, designed to bring back rock and soil samples from the Martian moon Phobos, is currently stuck in a “support orbit.”
The source also said that the probe might strike Earth no earlier than December 3, but by that time it may be back in service.
Citing data from the U.S. space surveillance systems, several media reported earlier on Friday that the probe may crash to Earth on November 26.
Vladimir Popovkin, the head of Russia’s space agency Roscosmos, said on Wednesday engineers had two weeks to restart the probe's booster before its batteries ran out.
“A more thorough analysis of the orbit’s parameter and the supply of fuel onboard has shown that such commands must be delivered within two weeks,” Popovkin said, adding that the craft can stay in the orbit for up to four weeks.
The Phobos-Grunt is also carrying China’s first Mars satellite, Yinghuo-1.
Post by TsarSamuil on Nov 15, 2011 14:45:07 GMT -5
Soyuz docks with International Space Station.
15:55 15/11/2011 MOSCOW, November 15 (RIA Novosti)
An online broadcast of the docking of a Soyuz TMA-22 with the International Space Station will be shown on EN.RIA.RU on November 16 starting at 9.25 Moscow time (5.25 GMT).
The crews are expected to meet at the Space Station at 11.30 Moscow time (7.30 GMT). The time of the broadcast may change due to unforeseen circumstances.
The Soyuz TMA-22 spaceship departed on Monday for the International Space Station. The start of the mission went successfully. Three new members of the ISS, Russians Anton Shkaplerov and Anatoly Ivanishin and NASA astronaut Daniel Burbank, are aboard the Soyuz spaceship. They will replace Russian flight engineer Sergei Volkov, NASA astronaut Mike Fossum and Japanese astronaut Satoshi Furukawa, who will return to Earth on November 22.
The new crew will stay aboard the station for some four months, the crew will receive the piloted spaceship Soyuz TMA-03M and a Progress-M cargo spaceship. They will put the Chibis (Pewit) microsatellite into a pod and place it in the Progress-M cargo spaceship, which will put it into orbit. The crew will conduct 37 experiments.
11:03 16/11/2011 MOSCOW, November 16 (RIA Novosti)
Russia's Soyuz TMA-22 piloted spacecraft docked with the International Space Station (ISS) in automatic mode on Wednesday, the Mission Control said.
The docking took place at 9:24 Moscow time (5:24 GMT), nine minutes ahead of schedule.
The Soyuz TMA-22 delivered three new members to the ISS , Russians Anton Shkaplerov and Anatoly Ivanishin and NASA astronaut Daniel Burbank. They will replace Russian flight engineer Sergei Volkov, NASA astronaut Mike Fossum and Japanese astronaut Satoshi Furukawa, who will return to Earth on November 22.
The new crew will remain on board the station for 124 days, performing a spacewalk and conducting 37 scientific experiments.
A Soyuz spacecraft has brought a cosmonaut from Russia and two astronauts from the United States and Japan safely back to Earth after spending 165 days at the International Space Station.
Having completed its return journey from the ISS, the Soyuz lander successfully touched down on the Kazakhstan steppe and was promptly met by a rescue team.
Russian cosmonaut Sergey Volkov, NASA astronaut Michel Fossum and Japan’s Satoshi Furukawa returned to Earth safe and sound. After their long stint working in orbit, the men will now need to adapt slowly to being back on terra firma.
Tensions surrounded the expedition following an accident involving a Progress cargo ship in August. The craft, carrying supplies for the ISS, crashed in Russia’s Altai mountains and as a result all launches were suspended. The ISS crew had to resort to using their reserve food and water supplies and faced a delay in the arrival of a replacement crew.
Now everything is back on track with the new team taking control of the ISS while the old one adjusts to life back on Earth.
Last Edit: Nov 22, 2011 17:06:09 GMT -5 by TsarSamuil
Post by TsarSamuil on Nov 24, 2011 14:59:55 GMT -5
If true, then the Americans should loose all rights to the ISS, which should go to Russia!
Did US 'climate weapon' knock-out Russian probe?
RT.com 24 November, 2011, 15:13
Russian space experts are struggling to decode fresh telemetry signals received from the stricken Phobos-Grunt probe. Meanwhile, rumors are circulating that America’s ionosphere research site in Alaska caused the spacecraft’s failure.
On Wednesday night, the European Space Agency’s station in Perth, Australia, established communication with Phobos-Grunt, which has been rotating helplessly around the Earth since its engines failed to fire two weeks ago.
The Perth station sent a command to the Russian craft which caused it to transmit long-awaited telemetry data, which was duly forwarded to Russian specialists.
Staff at the Lavochkin Association, which built the ill-fated Mars probe, are working on decoding the telemetry. Some insider reports suggested that the signal was scrambled beyond recovery due to lack of compatibility between Russian and European communications equipment, although this has been neither confirmed nor denied officially. If true, however, engineers should be able to make the necessary adjustments before the next communication session.
Also on Thursday, the ground station at Kazakhstan’s Baikonur managed to contact the orbiting probe as it passed overhead. They also managed to obtain some telemetry, the Russian space agency Roscosmos reported. Since November 9, Russian specialists have repeatedly tried to establish a connection with the spacecraft, but failed.
Meanwhile, a retired Russian general believes that the glitch which prevented Phobos-Grunt from carrying out its space mission was caused by American radar sites in Alaska.
General-Lieutenant Nikolay Rodionov, who used to command the country’s ballistic missile early warning system, told Interfax that “the powerful electromagnetic radiation of those sites may have affected the control system of the interplanetary probe.”
The general was apparently referring to the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) site located in Gakona, Alaska. The facility’s stated purpose is the study of the ionosphere and its use for communication. But several popular conspiracy theories say it is developing a superweapon with potential to cause natural disasters on a global scale, including earthquakes, climate change and reversal of the magnetic poles.
Phobos-Grunt’s mission was to reach the Martian moon Phobos, pick up a sample of its soil, and return it to Earth. The space trip was cut short, however, when its engines failed to fire as intended.
The probe is now stuck in a low-Earth orbit, which makes communication very difficult. There had been fears of it falling to Earth, but hopes rose on Tuesday night when the ESA managed to establish radio contact.
Shady side of Earth: Western trace in space probe’s failure?
RT.com 10 January, 2012, 14:49
Doomed Martian probe Phobos-Grunt, which was due to fulfill a Russian mission on one of the Red Planet’s moons, might have been a target of external influence. The probe failed while flying over the western hemisphere, outside of Russia’s control.
In an interview to the Russian newspaper Izvestia, head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin, said that intended influence on the probe cannot be completely excluded.
”I do not want to blame anyone, but these days there are very powerful means to influence space vehicles,” he told the newspaper, adding that it is still unclear why the probe’s engine failed to start in the first place.
The official also made a more generic allegation on possible reasons behind the accident with the probe station.
“We do not understand frequent failures of our space vehicles when they fly over the shadow, for Russia, part of the Earth,” Popovkin said. “Right there we are unable to see the vehicle and to receive its telemetry.”
Previously, reports emerged claiming that the probe station may have been influenced by powerful American radars in Alaska, which the vehicle was passing.
Popovkin confirmed, however, that the probe was possibly doomed from the moment it was launched into space. The official said that the project was created in the conditions of the limited funds and employed risky technological decisions.
“Besides, the probe had been created for a very long time and expiration dates for some parts had been nearing,” he said. “If we had not sent it to Mars in 2011, we would have had to throw it away, writing off expenditures of five billion rubles.”
Russian interplanetary space station Phobos-Grunt, aimed at collection of earth samples from the Martian satellite of Phobos, was launched on November 9 from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The mission was supposed to last for two-and-a-half years but aborted shortly and unexpectedly with engine failure.
After the rocket carrier separated from the station, its engines failed to fire to take it onto the high orbit so it could eventually gear off for Mars. The vehicle is still floating in the Earth orbit and expected to fall in the coming days, presumably on January 15.
Post by TsarSamuil on Jan 17, 2012 12:55:03 GMT -5
U.S. Radar May Have Damaged Russian Mars Probe - Paper.
07:36 17/01/2012 MOSCOW, January 17 (RIA Novosti)
A powerful electromagnetic emission from a U.S. radar in the Pacific could have caused the malfunctioning of the Russian Phobos-Grunt probe, the Kommersant daily said on Tuesday.
A Russian government investigation commission is considering several causes of the failure, including a short circuit or “external impact,” the paper said citing an unnamed source in the Russian space industry.
“Experts do not dismiss the possibility that the probe could have accidentally come under the impact of emissions [from a U.S. radar stationed on the Marshall Islands], whose megawatt impulse triggered the malfunctioning of on-board electronics,” the source said.
The source did not specify the type of the radar, but said it was monitoring the trajectory of an asteroid at the time of the Phobos-Grunt launch.
The source stressed that it was more likely an accident rather than a determined act of sabotage.
The government commission officials have refused to comment on the claim, Kommersant said.
The commission is expected to inform the head of the Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin of the preliminary results of the investigation on January 20.
Popovkin earlier suggested that the inexplicable malfunction of the Russian spacecraft could have been caused by “interference from a foreign technical facility.”
The official results of the investigation will be made public on January 26, Kommersant said.
Phobos-Grunt, launched on November 9, was designed to bring back rock and soil samples from the Martian moon Phobos. However, it got stuck in a so-called support orbit after its engines had failed to put it on course for the Red Planet, and fell back on Earth late on Sunday.
According to NASA, Russia has failed in all 17 of its attempts to study the Red Planet close-up since 1960. The most recent failure before November accident occurred in 1996, when Russia lost its Mars-96 orbiter during launch.
Post by TsarSamuil on Jan 20, 2012 17:36:29 GMT -5
Roscosmos Revives Permanent Moon Base Plans.
12:44 19/01/2012 MOSCOW, January 19 (RIA Novosti)
Russian Space Agency Roscosmos is in talks with its European and U.S. partners on the creation of manned research bases on the Moon, the agencies chief, Vladimir Popovkin, said on Thursday.
“We don’t want the man to just step on the Moon,” Popovkin said in an interview with Vesti FM radio station.
“Today, we know enough about it, we know that there is water in its polar areas," he said, adding "we are now discussing how to begin [the Moon’s] exploration with NASA and the European Space Agency ."
There are two options, he said: “either to set up a base on the Moon or to launch a station to orbit around it.”
The project of a “prospective manned transportation system” to be sent to the Moon is currently being developed, the Roscosmos chief said.
The Moon base project seems to revive Cold War-era plans to create a permanent outpost on the Moon, which was talked about by some Soviet and U.S. scientists since the late 1950s.
Russia is also planning to send two unmanned missions to the Moon by 2020, the Luna Glob and the Luna Resource, Popovkin added.
The Russian space agency has announced it is to boost cooperation with its partners in the US and the European Union, and has called for the creation of a permanent base on the Moon.
In an interview with Vesti FM radio station, the head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin, said the agency was discussing with NASA and ESA the possibility of exploring the Moon.
A joint mission would prospect for water and natural resources on the Moon, and build a base for future space explorers. Between now and the year 2020, the agency plans to send two unmanned probes to the Earth’s satellite and is currently working on an advanced manned transportation system capable of reaching the Moon, Popovkin said.
The Roscosmos chief added that the final goal of the proposed Lunar project would be to create either a base on the Moon or a station in proximity to the satellite. He admitted that the program would only get the green light if money could be found to fund it.
NASA has confirmed that the United States is involved in the program alongside Russia and nine other countries, and said it was aimed at enhancing the human presence in the Solar system and had the long-term goal of manned exploration of Mars. Moon exploration would help cosmonauts learn how to live and work on other planets and would create a foundation for further Martian efforts.
According to Igor Afanasyev from the Cosmonautics News magazine, Moon exploration can also help us to understand how the Earth came into being.
“We shall first explore the planet’s structure in order to understand the Moon’s origins which will help us understand more about the Earth’s origins,” he said. “We want to know how the Earth came into being and the Moon will help us in establishing this because it still preserves some elements that have vanished from the Earth.”
Afanasyev added that exploration of the Earth’s satellite could revolutionize the whole space industry.
“The Moon’s conditions for launching space missions are much better than the Earth’s,” Afanasyev added. “They are less energy-consuming, so it may well come at some point to building spacecraft there, filling them with fuel made of water developed right there, on the Moon, and sending them off on further space missions. That is what I think it will be like.”
Last Edit: Jan 21, 2012 18:31:45 GMT -5 by TsarSamuil
Post by TsarSamuil on Jan 26, 2012 16:46:55 GMT -5
Russia Launches Progress Freighter to Space Station.
06:57 26/01/2012 MOSCOW, January 26 (RIA Novosti)
A Russian Soyuz-U launch vehicle carrying the Progress M-14M cargo spacecraft has been launched toward the International Space Station (ISS) from the Baikonur space center, Russia's Mission Control said on Thursday.
The Soyuz rocket with the Progress M-14M space freighter blasted off at 03:06 a.m. Moscow Time (00:06 GMT) on Thursday. The spacecraft separated from the rocket and entered the orbit a few minutes later.
The freighter will deliver over 2.6 metric tons of supplies to the ISS. The cargo includes fuel, water and food supplies, as well as scientific equipment.
The Progress’ docking with the ISS is set for 04:08 Moscow Time on Saturday (01:08 GMT).
Progress-family freighters have been the backbone of the Russian space cargo fleet for decades. In addition to their main mission as cargo spacecraft, they are used to adjust the ISS's orbit and conduct scientific experiments.
Space Station’s Orbit Raised to Avoid Collision with Space Junk.
07:07 29/01/2012 MOSCOW, January 29 (RIA Novosti)
Specialists of Russia’s Mission Control Center raised the orbit altitude of the International Space Station (ISS) in the early hours of Sunday to prevent a possible collision with a Chinese satellite fragment, a spokesman for the Center said.
“The maneuver was performed using Zvezda service module engines,” the spokesman said.
The altitude of the ISS orbit was raised by 1.7 kilometers to 391.6 kilometers, he said, adding that the maneuver lasted 64 seconds.
NASA earlier reported on its website that 32 hours after Russia’s Progress-M-14M docks with the ISS – which occurred at 4.08 am Moscow time (00:08 GMT) on Saturday – a fragment of the Chinese Fengyun-1C weather satellite is likely to pass in dangerous proximity to the space station.
The satellite fragment approached the ISS several times in the past, most recently on January 24, but there was no need to change the station’s altitude at that time, the spokesman said.
The aging Fengyun-1C satellite was destroyed in 2007 during Chinese anti-satellite missile tests. Thousands of its fragments have since remained in orbit.
Russia must be ready for wars in space and in networks, Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces Nikolai Makarov said on Saturday.
"As you see, warfare center has moved to aerospace and information spheres, including cyber security, from traditional war theatres on land and sea. Concepts of network-centric war have made great progress," Makarov told an Academy of Military Sciences meeting. "We appraise how ... this question is being solved in Western leading countries."
Makarov also said that an initial period of war had begun to exert a decisive influence on its course and outcome so modern wars became more short-timed.
The chief added that hi-tech technologies force to cut number of soldiers for higher effectiveness of troops' actions.
Post by TsarSamuil on Feb 16, 2012 18:03:02 GMT -5
Ukraine to spend USD 322 m on space sector in next few years.
KYIV, February 16 /UKRINFORM/. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine at a meeting on Wednesday approved a draft strategy of the state target scientific and technical space program for 2013-2017, the government's press service has told UKRINFORM.
The estimated amount of funding for the program from all sources is UAH 2.58 billion (USD 1 - UAH 7.99), including from the state budget - UAH 1.12 billion.
According to the statement, the implementation of the program will ensure the development of space technologies and their integration into the real sector of the national economy, as well as into the areas of national security and defense.
The program envisages Earth remote sensing from space, the development of space telecommunications and navigation systems, space-related activities in the interests of Ukraine's national security and defense, the holding of space research, as well as the development of space equipment and its manufacturing technology.
As previously reported, in 2011, there were six successful launches of Ukrainian launch vehicles, which put 12 satellites into orbit.
Four launches were conducted under the Land Launch program and two under the Sea Launch and Dnepr programs.
Post by TsarSamuil on Feb 22, 2012 17:32:59 GMT -5
Russia to Launch 100 Military Satellites in Next Decade.
21:50 22/02/2012 MOSCOW, February 22 (RIA Novosti)
Russia is planning to launch at least 100 military satellites in the next 10 years to boost its reconnaissance and missile detection capabilities, head of Russian Space Agency Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin said on Wednesday.
“The new 100 satellites will provide us with better quality intelligence, faster and more reliable communications,” Popovkin said in an interview with Vesti 24 television.
“This will also enable us to detect the launches and track not only ballistic, but also cruise missiles, theater and tactical missiles,” Popovkin said.
The expansion of the military satellite cluster will also boost global positioning and mapping capabilities of the Russian military, which is necessary to guide advanced high-precision weapons being developed in Russia.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday that the deployment of high-precision weaponry will be part of Russia’s response to the U.S.-based European missile shield.
Moscow continues its staunch opposition to the planned deployment of U.S. missile defense systems near its borders, claiming they would be a security threat. NATO and the United States insist that the shield would defend NATO members against missiles from North Korea and Iran and would not be directed at Russia.
TsarSamuil: Medicines aren't allowed to be sold on the market without a 15 year trial period, to determine short n long term effects. Sputnik just turned 1 year, others not even that, just months, how can we determine long term effects without the data from long term
Aug 24, 2021 11:22:20 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: exposure? Does anyone have a time machine to go 14 years or so into the future n come back n say whether we have good vaccines? Fear makes world abandon its own standards..Besides, vaccines for other illnesses that have been developed for YEARS actually
Aug 24, 2021 11:23:40 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: help. These covid vaccines are literally SHIT, why else do they demand you take 1, 2 n now 3 shots? The problem is also a disease becomes resilient if u administer a weak vaccine that doesn't do the job proper. Allow illness to survive just makes it strong
Aug 24, 2021 11:25:04 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: instead if we go by the book, we should all wait for a really good vaccine to take out the illness for good. Now...we may never get rid of it..but understandably the world economy has a hard time dealing with lock downs, but that is just needless panic
Aug 24, 2021 11:27:06 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: why Swe had fared well with country not being locked down? Because they are cold people, keeping distance was the thing before covid-19 was ever heard of, I hope world doesn't become like that, but some could use a little common sense n change in behavior.
Aug 24, 2021 11:29:12 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: It's no wonder covid hits so many Arabs in the country, stupid bastards..
Aug 24, 2021 11:29:38 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: If I go to H&M a new shirt, if an Arab wants to buy a pair of pants, not only is his whole family along, his friends, even his freaking grandmother is along n all chattering along in a big dumb group of ignorance..
Aug 24, 2021 11:33:05 GMT -5
Boro: Thx for the response. I'm not sure... It seems the vaccines work, at least people aren't dying of Covid. Those who get ill have a problem, it's not "just a flu". Maybe it's from a chinese laboratory, who knows...
Aug 24, 2021 13:46:55 GMT -5
Boro: I agree regarding Arabs..
Aug 24, 2021 13:50:39 GMT -5
Boro: Be glad, Sweden isn't overpopulated.
Aug 24, 2021 14:11:49 GMT -5
TsarSamuil: true, vaccines do help somewhat, maybe better than nothing..I hope in 2022 we can come out of this nightmare..
Aug 24, 2021 15:38:24 GMT -5
Boro: Horrible times, indeed.
Aug 24, 2021 15:47:41 GMT -5
Boro: Got the first Biontech... Hope it won't kill me.
Nov 1, 2021 9:48:00 GMT -5
Slavislav: Hello, fellows. I see that this museum of a forum is sadly abandoned and I wish you join our community and discuss with us things related to slavs and etc.
Nov 11, 2021 7:43:15 GMT -5
Brat: Don't follow the link. You'll get infected.
Nov 11, 2021 16:26:55 GMT -5